tcm_loop

The Linux SCSI Target Wiki

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{{DISPLAYTITLE:tcm_loop}}
{{DISPLAYTITLE:tcm_loop}}
{{Infobox software
{{Infobox software
-
| name                  = LIO Target
+
| name                  = {{Target}}
-
| logo                  = [[Image:RisingTide_Logo_small.png|180px|Logo]]
+
| logo                  = [[Image:Corp_Logo.png|180px|Logo]]
-
| screenshot            = {{RTS full}}
+
| screenshot            = {{RTS screenshot|tcm_loop}}
| caption                = tcm_loop SCSI Emulation Device
| caption                = tcm_loop SCSI Emulation Device
| collapsible            =  
| collapsible            =  
Line 14: Line 14:
| latest preview version = {{RTS releases|tcm_loop|preview_ver}}
| latest preview version = {{RTS releases|tcm_loop|preview_ver}}
| latest preview date    = {{RTS releases|tcm_loop|preview_date}}
| latest preview date    = {{RTS releases|tcm_loop|preview_date}}
 +
| status                = {{RTS releases|tcm_loop|status}}
| frequently updated    =
| frequently updated    =
| programming language  = C
| programming language  = C
Line 20: Line 21:
| size                  =
| size                  =
| language              =
| language              =
-
| status                = Production
 
| genre                  = Fabric module
| genre                  = Fabric module
-
| license                = GNU General Public License
+
| license                = {{GPLv2}}
| website                = {{RTS website}}
| website                = {{RTS website}}
}}
}}
-
:''See [[Target]] for a complete overview over all fabric modules.''
+
:''See [[LIO]] for a complete overview over all fabric modules.''
-
{{Image|TCM-KVM-Megasas-8708EM2-Windows7-x64.png|[[FILEIO]] with a tcm_loop SAS port on [[KVM]] x86_64 host running v2.6.34 with the new LSI Megasas 8708EM2 PPC HBA emulation into a Windows 7 x64 [[KVM]] Guest.}}
+
{{Image|TCM-KVM-Megasas-8708EM2-Windows7-x64.png|[[FILEIO]] with a tcm_loop SAS port on [[Kernel-based Virtual Machine|KVM]] x86_64 host running v2.6.34 with the new LSI Megasas 8708EM2 PPC HBA emulation into a Windows 7 x64 [[Kernel-based Virtual Machine|KVM]] Guest.}}
-
{{Image|TCM Loop-OS2Warp-QEMU-KVM-HPFS.png|[[FILEIO]] with a tcm_loop SCSI port on [[KVM]] x86_64 host running v2.6.36-rc3+ with [[QEMU]] lsi53c895a HBA emulation into an OS/2 Warp v4 guest. A HPFS partition has been formatted and mounted as DRIVE D:.}}
+
<!--
-
{{Image|TCM_Loop-3.2-RHEL5-NetBSD5.png|tcm_loop fabric module running on LIO v3.2 on a Linux Host providing shared virtual SAS Target emulation into a VM hypervisor to multiple VM guests of RHEL 5.4 x86_64 and NetBSD 5.x 32-bit.}}
+
{{Image|TCM Loop-OS2Warp-QEMU-KVM-HPFS.png|[[FILEIO]] with a tcm_loop SCSI port on [[Kernel-based Virtual Machine|KVM]] x86_64 host running v2.6.36-rc3+ with [[QEMU]] lsi53c895a HBA emulation into an OS/2 Warp v4 guest. A HPFS partition has been formatted and mounted as DRIVE D:.}}
-
{{Image|TCM Loop-3.2-RHEL5-vmw6.png|tcm_loop fabric module running on LIO v3.2 on Linux Host v2.6.32-rc5 providing persistent reservations to RHEL 5.4 x86_64 [[KVM]] Guest using scsi generic passthrough with Vmware Workstation 6.5.}}
+
{{Image|TCM_Loop-3.2-RHEL5-NetBSD5.png|tcm_loop fabric module running on {{T}} providing shared virtual SAS target emulation into a VM hypervisor to multiple VM guests of RHEL 5.4 x86_64 and NetBSD 5.x 32-bit.}}
 +
{{Image|TCM Loop-3.2-RHEL5-vmw6.png|tcm_loop fabric module running on {{T}} v3.2 on Linux Host v2.6.32-rc5 providing persistent reservations to RHEL 5.4 x86_64 [[Kernel-based Virtual Machine|KVM]] Guest using scsi generic passthrough with VMware Workstation 6.5.}}
 +
-->
-
'''tcm_loop''' is a pluggable virtual fabric module ([http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/nab/lio-core-2.6.git;a=tree;f=drivers/target/tcm_loop;hb=HEAD tcm_loop.ko]) for the LIO multiprotocol [[Target]] engine.
+
'''tcm_loop''' is a fabric module that can emulate any supported fabric type locally for {{Target}}.
-
It provides full local SCSI device emulation ([[SPC-3]] and [[SPC-4]]) for raw block storage objects. It thus makes any raw block device apear to the [[Target]] as a full [[SPC-3]]/[[SPC-4]] [[SCSI]] compliant device with the corresponding [[CDB]]-level SAS emulation, for access from any SCSI LLD driver.
+
== Overview ==
-
tcm_loop minimizes overhead - it delivers >12&nbsp;GB/s (native) and >2&nbsp;GB/s (from a single [[KVM]] guest, without [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardware-assisted_virtualization hardware assist]) on Intel [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nehalem_(microarchitecture) Nehalem] platforms. This provides e.g., unmodified guest operating systems, such as [[VMware ESX]] or [[VMware vSphere]], to use the full [[SPC-3]]/[[SPC-4]] [[SCSI]] functionality on any type of local raw block storage object they require.
+
tcm_loop provides full local SCSI device emulation ([[SPC-3]] and [[SPC-4]]) for raw block storage objects. It thus makes any raw block device apear to the {{Target}} as a full [[SPC-3]]/[[SPC-4]] [[SCSI]] compliant device with the corresponding [[CDB]]-level SAS emulation, for access from any SCSI LLD driver.
-
tcm_loop was initially released on 10/19/2009,<ref>{{cite web| url=http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/nab/lio-core-2.6.git;a=commitdiff;h=10eae38203a01a26fca3b2097f13e48a0ba2d38f| title=&#91;TCM_LOOP&#93;: Add a virtual SCSI loopback fabric module| publisher=lkml.org| author=Nicholas Bellinger| date=10/19/2009}}</ref> and it went upstream into the Linux 2.6.39 kernel on 3/18/2011.<ref>{{cite web| url=http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commitdiff;h=3703b2c5d041a68095cdd22380c23ce27d449ad7| title=&#91;SCSI&#93; tcm_loop: Add multi-fabric Linux/SCSI LLD fabric module| publisher=lkml.org| author=Nicholas Bellinger| date=3/18/2011}}</ref>
+
tcm_loop minimizes overhead - it delivers >12&nbsp;GB/s (native) and >2&nbsp;GB/s (from a single [[Kernel-based Virtual Machine|KVM]] guest, without [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hardware-assisted_virtualization hardware assist]) on Intel [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nehalem_(microarchitecture) Nehalem] platforms. This provides e.g., unmodified guest operating systems, such as [[VMware ESX]] or [[VMware vSphere]], to use the full [[SPC-3]]/[[SPC-4]] [[SCSI]] functionality on any type of local raw block storage object they require.
-
== Specification compliance ==
+
The tcm_loop fabric module ({{RTS releases|tcm_loop|module_repo}}, {{RTS releases|tcm_loop|module_info}}) for {{T}} was released with Linux kernel {{RTS releases|tcm_loop|kernel_ver}} on {{RTS releases|tcm_loop|initial_date}}.<ref>{{RTS releases|tcm_loop|kernel_rel}}</ref>
-
The type of SCSI fabric features that are available with tcm_loop (Target mode emulated SAS ports) includes the complete set of SPC-3 logic in the [[Target]] engine including advanced features such as [[Persistent_Reservations|PRs]], [[Asymmetric Logical Unit Assignment|ALUA]], etc.
+
== targetcli ==
-
[[Target]]&nbsp;4 tcm_loop also supports high level fabric emulation. That is, depending on which [[WWN]] is used to create the configFS group in /sys/kernel/config/target/loopback/$WWN, it configures itself to return iSCSI, SAS or FC device identifiers for the SCSI LUN protocol identifiers in the EVPD 0x83 device identifier page.
+
''[[targetcli]]'' from {{RTS full}} is used to configure tcm_loop targets. ''targetcli'' aggregates {{T}} service modules via a core library, and exports them through an API, to provide a unified single-node SAN configuration shell, independently of the underlying fabric(s).
-
The entire corresponding logic resides in [http://git.kernel.org/?p=linux/kernel/git/nab/lio-core-2.6.git;a=blob;f=drivers/target/target_core_fabric_lib.c;hb=HEAD target_core_fabric_lib.c], and is shared by the different target fabric modules. The code simply contains magic numbers defined for different protocols in [[SPC-4]], and is commented using pieces directly from [[SPC-4]].
+
{{Ambox| type=info| head=[[LIO]] Admin Manual| text=The {{LIO Admin Manual}} provides comprehensive background and many examples on using ''targetcli'' and on programming the {{RTS short}} library.}}
-
== Setup ==
+
=== Startup ===
-
[[RTSadmin]] from [[RisingTide Systems]] is a comprehensive, powerful, yet easy storage management tool that can efficiently handle complex storage installations. The tcm_loop fabric module can be configured as described in [[tcm_loop/RTSadmin]].
+
[[targetcli]] is invoked by running ''targetcli'' as root from the command prompt of the underlying {{OS}} shell. An initial setup as described in targetcli is assumed.
-
== Results ==
+
<pre>
 +
# targetcli
 +
Welcome to targetcli:
-
See [[tcm_loop/configFS]] for the configFS and kernel ringbuffer output of a working tcm_loop driver.
+
Copyright (c) 2014 by Datera, Inc.
 +
All rights reserved.
-
Other healthy results should look similar to the following examples, which are provided as a reference.
+
Visit us at http://www.datera.io.
-
=== SCSI devices ===
+
Using ib_srpt fabric module.
 +
Using qla2xxx fabric module.
 +
Using iscsi fabric module.
 +
Using loopback fabric module.
-
The list of resulting SCSI devices with ''lsscsi -v output'' is:
+
/> loopback/ info
 +
Fabric module name: loopback
 +
ConfigFS path: /sys/kernel/config/target/loopback
 +
Allowed WWN list type: naa
 +
Fabric module specfile: /var/target/fabric/loopback.spec
 +
Fabric module features: nexus
 +
Corresponding kernel module: tcm_loop
 +
/>
 +
</pre>
-
<small><pre>
+
=== Cheat sheet ===
-
[9:0:1:0]    disk    LIO-ORG  IBLOCK          3.1  /dev/sdg
+
-
  dir: /sys/bus/scsi/devices/9:0:1:0  [/sys/devices/tcm_loop_0/tcm_loop_adapter_0/host9/target9:0:1/9:0:1:0]
+
-
[10:0:1:0]  disk    LIO-ORG  IBLOCK          3.1  /dev/sdh
+
-
  dir: /sys/bus/scsi/devices/10:0:1:0  [/sys/devices/tcm_loop_0/tcm_loop_adapter_1/host10/target10:0:1/10:0:1:0]
+
-
</pre></small>
+
-
=== Block devices ===
+
{| class="table-left"
 +
|- bgcolor=#a0c0f0
 +
! Command
 +
! Comment
 +
|-
 +
| ''/backstores/iblock create my_disk /dev/sdb''
 +
| Create the LUN ''my_disk'' on the device ''/dev/sdb''
 +
|-
 +
| In /backstores/iblock/my_disk>:<br/>''/loopback create''
 +
| Create a local loopback target
 +
|-
 +
| ''/saveconfig''
 +
| Commit the configuration
 +
|-
 +
|}
-
The list of resulting block devices with ''sg_inq -i /dev/sdg'' is:
+
=== Display the object tree ===
 +
 
 +
Use ''ls'' to list the object hierarchy, which is initially empty:
<pre>
<pre>
-
VPD INQUIRY: Device Identification page
+
/> ls
-
Designation descriptor number 1, descriptor length: 20
+
o- / ..................................................................... [...]
-
   id_type: NAA,  code_set: Binary
+
   o- backstores .......................................................... [...]
-
   associated with the addressed logical unit
+
   | o- fileio ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
-
    NAA 6, IEEE Company_id: 0x1405
+
   | o- iblock ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
-
    Vendor Specific Identifier: 0xa97e4ce21
+
   | o- pscsi ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
-
    Vendor Specific Identifier Extension: 0xc0711de829b000c2
+
   | o- rd_dr ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
-
    [0x6001405a97e4ce21c0711de829b000c2]
+
   | o- rd_mcp ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
-
Designation descriptor number 2, descriptor length: 52
+
   o- ib_srpt ........................................................ [0 Target]
-
   id_type: T10 vendor identification,  code_set: ASCII
+
   o- iscsi .......................................................... [0 Target]
-
   associated with the addressed logical unit
+
   o- loopback ....................................................... [0 Target]
-
    vendor id: LIO-ORG
+
   o- qla2xxx ........................................................ [0 Target]
-
    vendor specific: IBLOCK:a97e4ce21c0711de829b000c2943d57b
+
/>
-
Designation descriptor number 3, descriptor length: 8
+
-
   transport: Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
+
-
   id_type: Relative target port,  code_set: Binary
+
-
   associated with the target port
+
-
    Relative target port: 0x8
+
-
Designation descriptor number 4, descriptor length: 8
+
-
   transport: Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
+
-
  id_type: Target port group,  code_set: Binary
+
-
   associated with the target port
+
-
    Target port group: 0x0
+
-
Designation descriptor number 5, descriptor length: 8
+
-
   id_type: Logical unit group,  code_set: Binary
+
-
  associated with the addressed logical unit
+
-
    Logical unit group: 0x0
+
-
Designation descriptor number 6, descriptor length: 36
+
-
    transport: Serial Attached SCSI (SAS)
+
-
    id_type: SCSI name string,  code_set: UTF-8
+
-
    associated with the target port
+
-
    SCSI name string:
+
-
    naa.600140554cf3a18e,t,0x0001
+
</pre>
</pre>
-
=== Modules ===
+
{{Ambox| type=info| head=Global parameter ''auto_cd_after_create''| text=After the creation of a new object, automatically enter its object context.}}
-
The resulting loadable kernel modules (LKMs) with ''lsmod output'' are:
+
Per default, ''auto_cd_after_create'' is set to ''true'', which automatically enters an object context (or working directory) after its creation. The examples here are modeled after this behavior.
 +
 
 +
Optionally, set ''auto_cd_after_create=false'' to prevent ''targetcli'' from automatically entering new object contexts after their creation:
<pre>
<pre>
-
Module                  Size  Used by
+
/> set global auto_cd_after_create=false
-
tcm_loop              11606  9
+
Parameter auto_cd_after_create is now 'false'.
-
iscsi_target_mod      205640  44
+
/>
-
target_core_mod      226770  75 tcm_loop,iscsi_target_mod
+
-
scsi_tgt                8806  1 target_core_mod
+
-
configfs              21168  4 tcm_loop,iscsi_target_mod,target_core_mod
+
-
dm_mirror              10356  0
+
-
dm_region_hash          7562  1 dm_mirror
+
-
dm_log                  6769  2 dm_mirror,dm_region_hash
+
-
dm_snapshot            18562  0
+
-
pcnet32                25510  0
+
-
mii                    3430  1 pcnet32
+
</pre>
</pre>
-
== Timeline ==
+
=== Create a backstore ===
-
{{LIO Timeline}}
+
 
 +
Create a backstore using the IBLOCK or FILEIO type devices.
 +
 
 +
For instance, enter the top-level ''backstore'' context and create an IBLOCK backstore from a ''/dev/sdb'' block device:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
/> cd backstores/
 +
/backstores> iblock/ create name=my_disk dev=/dev/sdb
 +
Generating a wwn serial.
 +
Created iblock storage object my_disk using /dev/sdb.
 +
Entering new node /backstores/iblock/my_disk.
 +
/backstores/iblock/my_disk>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
''targetcli'' automatically creates a WWN serial ID for the backstore device and then changes the working context to it.
 +
 
 +
The resulting object hierarchy looks as follows (displayed from the root object):
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
/> ls
 +
o- / ..................................................................... [...]
 +
  o- backstores .......................................................... [...]
 +
  | o- fileio ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
 +
  | o- iblock ............................................... [1 Storage Object]
 +
  | | o- my_disk .......................................... [/dev/sdb activated]
 +
  | o- pscsi ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
 +
  | o- rd_dr ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
 +
  | o- rd_mcp ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
 +
  o- ib_srpt ........................................................ [0 Target]
 +
  o- iscsi .......................................................... [0 Target]
 +
  o- loopback ....................................................... [0 Target]
 +
  o- qla2xxx ........................................................ [0 Target]
 +
/>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Alternatively, any LVM logical volume can be used as a backstore, please refer to the {{LIO Admin Manual}} on how to create them properly.
 +
 
 +
For instance, create an IBLOCK backstore on a logical volume (under ''/dev/<volume_group_name>/<logical_volume_name>''):
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
/backstores> iblock/ create name=my_disk dev=/dev/vg0/lv1
 +
Generating a wwn serial.
 +
Created iblock storage object my_disk using /dev/vg0/lv1.
 +
Entering new node /backstores/iblock/my_disk.
 +
/backstores/iblock/my_disk>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Again, ''targetcli'' automatically creates a WWN serial ID for the backstore device and then changes the working context to it.
 +
 
 +
{{Ambox| type=info| head=More backstore examples| text=More examples on creating backstores can be found in ''[[targetcli#Create a backstore|targetcli]]''.}}
 +
 
 +
=== Instantiate a target ===
 +
 
 +
Instantiate a loopback target on the existing IBLOCK backstore device ''my_disk'' (as set up in [[targetcli]]):
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
/backstores/iblock/my_disk> /loopback create
 +
Successfully created LUN 0.
 +
Entering new node /loopback/naa.60014057f822d991/luns/lun0.
 +
/loopback/naa...991/luns/lun0>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
''targetcli'' automatically assigns the default ID '0' to the LUN, and then changes the working context to the new LUN. Now the target is created, and exports ''/dev/sdb'' as LUN 0.
 +
 
 +
Return to the root context, as no attributes need to be set or modified for a standard loopback target:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
/loopback/naa...991/luns/lun0> cd /
 +
/>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
=== Display the object tree ===
 +
 
 +
The resulting object hierarchy looks as follows (displayed from the root object):
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
/> ls
 +
o- / ..................................................................... [...]
 +
  o- backstores .......................................................... [...]
 +
  | o- fileio ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
 +
  | o- iblock ............................................... [1 Storage Object]
 +
  | | o- my_disk .......................................... [/dev/sdb activated]
 +
  | o- pscsi ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
 +
  | o- rd_dr ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
 +
  | o- rd_mcp ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
 +
  o- ib_srpt ........................................................ [0 Target]
 +
  o- iscsi .......................................................... [0 Target]
 +
  o- loopback ....................................................... [1 Target]
 +
  | o- naa.60014057f822d991 ............................. [naa.60014053485b9490]
 +
  | | o- luns .......................................................... [1 LUN]
 +
  | |  o- lun0 .................................... [iblock/my_disk (/dev/sbd)]
 +
  o- qla2xxx ........................................................ [0 Target]
 +
/>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
=== Persist the configuration ===
 +
 
 +
{{Ambox| type=warning| head=Don't forget to use ''saveconfig''!| text=Without ''saveconfig'', the {{T}} configuration will be lost upon rebooting or unloading the target service, as it will revert back to the last saved one.}}
 +
 
 +
Use ''saveconfig'' from the root context to persist the {{T}} configuration across OS reboots:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
/> saveconfig
 +
WARNING: Saving rtsnode1 current configuration to disk will overwrite your boot settings.
 +
The current target configuration will become the default boot config.
 +
Are you sure? Type 'yes': yes
 +
Making backup of srpt/ConfigFS with timestamp: 2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264
 +
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/srpt_start.sh
 +
Making backup of qla2xxx/ConfigFS with timestamp: 2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264
 +
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/qla2xxx_start.sh
 +
Making backup of loopback/ConfigFS with timestamp: 2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264
 +
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/loopback_start.sh
 +
Making backup of LIO-Target/ConfigFS with timestamp: 2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264
 +
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/lio_backup-2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264.sh
 +
Making backup of Target_Core_Mod/ConfigFS with timestamp: 2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264
 +
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/tcm_backup-2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264.sh
 +
Generated Target_Core_Mod config: /etc/target/backup/tcm_backup-2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264.sh
 +
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/lio_start.sh
 +
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/tcm_start.sh
 +
/>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
=== Spec file ===
 +
 
 +
{{RTS short}} spec files define the fabric-dependent feature set, capabilities and available target ports of the specific underlying fabric. In particular, the tcm_loop spec file ''/var/target/fabric/loopback.spec'' is included via RTSlib.
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
# WARNING: This is a draft specfile supplied for demo purposes only.
 +
 
 +
# The loopback fabric module uses the default feature set
 +
features = nexus
 +
 
 +
# Use naa WWNs
 +
wwn_type = naa
 +
 
 +
# Non-standard module naming scheme
 +
kernel_module = tcm_loop
 +
 
 +
# The configfs group
 +
configfs_group = loopback
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== Specifications ==
 +
 
 +
The type of [[SCSI]] fabric features that are available with tcm_loop (target mode emulated SAS ports) includes the complete set of SPC-3/SPC-4 logic in the {{T}} engine, including advanced features such as [[PRs]], [[ALUA]], [[VAAI]], etc.
 +
 
 +
tcm_loop supports high level fabric emulation. That is, depending on which [[WWN]] is used to create the [[ConfigFS]] group in ''/sys/kernel/config/target/loopback/$WWN'', it configures itself to return iSCSI, FC etc. device identifiers for the SCSI LUN protocol identifiers device identifier page.
== See also ==
== See also ==
-
* [[RTSadmin]]
+
* [[{{OS}}]]
-
* [[ConfigFS]]: [[tcm_loop/configFS]] (low level kernel API)
+
* {{Target}}, [[targetcli]]
-
* Other fabric modules: [[iSCSI]], [[Fibre Channel]], [[Fibre Channel over Ethernet|FCoE]], [[InfiniBand]], [[IBM vSCSI]]
+
* [[FCoE]], [[Fibre Channel]], [[iSCSI]], [[iSER]], [[SRP]], [[vHost]]
-
* [[Target]]
+
* [[ConfigFS]] (low level kernel API)
== Notes ==
== Notes ==
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== External links ==
== External links ==
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* {{Official|http://www.risingtidesystems.com RisingTide Systems}}
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* {{Official|http://www.daterainc.com}}
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* [http://www.risingtidesystems.com/doc/rtsadmin-gpl/html/rtsadmin_reference.html RTSadmin] Reference Guide
+
* {{LIO Admin Manual}}
-
* [http://www.risingtidesystems.com/doc/rtslib-gpl/html/ RTSlib] Referemce Guide
+
* RTSlib Reference Guide {{Lib Ref Guide HTML}}{{Lib Ref Guide PDF}}
 +
 
 +
{{LIO Timeline}}
[[Category:Fabric modules]]
[[Category:Fabric modules]]
[[Category:SCSI]]
[[Category:SCSI]]
[[Category:Virtualization]]
[[Category:Virtualization]]
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__NOEDITSECTION__
 

Latest revision as of 02:36, 7 August 2015

LinuxIO
Logo
LIO 150513.png
tcm_loop SCSI Emulation Device
Original author(s) Nicholas Bellinger
Developer(s) Datera, Inc.
Initial release May 18, 2011 (2011-05-18)
Stable release 4.1.0 / June 20, 2012;
7 years ago
 (2012-06-20)
Preview release 4.2.0-rc5 / June 28, 2012;
7 years ago
 (2012-06-28)
Development status Production
Written in C
Operating system Linux
Type Fabric module
License GNU General Public License, version 2 (GPLv2)
Website datera.io
See LIO for a complete overview over all fabric modules.
FILEIO with a tcm_loop SAS port on KVM x86_64 host running v2.6.34 with the new LSI Megasas 8708EM2 PPC HBA emulation into a Windows 7 x64 KVM Guest.

tcm_loop is a fabric module that can emulate any supported fabric type locally for LinuxIO.

Contents

Overview

tcm_loop provides full local SCSI device emulation (SPC-3 and SPC-4) for raw block storage objects. It thus makes any raw block device apear to the LinuxIO as a full SPC-3/SPC-4 SCSI compliant device with the corresponding CDB-level SAS emulation, for access from any SCSI LLD driver.

tcm_loop minimizes overhead - it delivers >12 GB/s (native) and >2 GB/s (from a single KVM guest, without hardware assist) on Intel Nehalem platforms. This provides e.g., unmodified guest operating systems, such as VMware ESX or VMware vSphere, to use the full SPC-3/SPC-4 SCSI functionality on any type of local raw block storage object they require.

The tcm_loop fabric module (loopback.ko, Linux kernel driver database) for LIO was released with Linux kernel 2.6.39 on May 18, 2011 (2011-05-18).[1]

targetcli

targetcli from Datera, Inc. is used to configure tcm_loop targets. targetcli aggregates LIO service modules via a core library, and exports them through an API, to provide a unified single-node SAN configuration shell, independently of the underlying fabric(s).

Startup

targetcli is invoked by running targetcli as root from the command prompt of the underlying LIO shell. An initial setup as described in targetcli is assumed.

# targetcli
Welcome to targetcli:

 Copyright (c) 2014 by Datera, Inc.
 All rights reserved.

Visit us at http://www.datera.io.

Using ib_srpt fabric module.
Using qla2xxx fabric module.
Using iscsi fabric module.
Using loopback fabric module.

/> loopback/ info
Fabric module name: loopback
ConfigFS path: /sys/kernel/config/target/loopback
Allowed WWN list type: naa
Fabric module specfile: /var/target/fabric/loopback.spec
Fabric module features: nexus
Corresponding kernel module: tcm_loop
/>

Cheat sheet

Command Comment
/backstores/iblock create my_disk /dev/sdb Create the LUN my_disk on the device /dev/sdb
In /backstores/iblock/my_disk>:
/loopback create
Create a local loopback target
/saveconfig Commit the configuration

Display the object tree

Use ls to list the object hierarchy, which is initially empty:

/> ls
o- / ..................................................................... [...]
  o- backstores .......................................................... [...]
  | o- fileio ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
  | o- iblock ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
  | o- pscsi ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
  | o- rd_dr ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
  | o- rd_mcp ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
  o- ib_srpt ........................................................ [0 Target]
  o- iscsi .......................................................... [0 Target]
  o- loopback ....................................................... [0 Target]
  o- qla2xxx ........................................................ [0 Target]
/>

Per default, auto_cd_after_create is set to true, which automatically enters an object context (or working directory) after its creation. The examples here are modeled after this behavior.

Optionally, set auto_cd_after_create=false to prevent targetcli from automatically entering new object contexts after their creation:

/> set global auto_cd_after_create=false
Parameter auto_cd_after_create is now 'false'.
/>

Create a backstore

Create a backstore using the IBLOCK or FILEIO type devices.

For instance, enter the top-level backstore context and create an IBLOCK backstore from a /dev/sdb block device:

/> cd backstores/
/backstores> iblock/ create name=my_disk dev=/dev/sdb
Generating a wwn serial.
Created iblock storage object my_disk using /dev/sdb.
Entering new node /backstores/iblock/my_disk.
/backstores/iblock/my_disk>

targetcli automatically creates a WWN serial ID for the backstore device and then changes the working context to it.

The resulting object hierarchy looks as follows (displayed from the root object):

/> ls
o- / ..................................................................... [...]
  o- backstores .......................................................... [...]
  | o- fileio ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
  | o- iblock ............................................... [1 Storage Object]
  | | o- my_disk .......................................... [/dev/sdb activated]
  | o- pscsi ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
  | o- rd_dr ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
  | o- rd_mcp ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
  o- ib_srpt ........................................................ [0 Target]
  o- iscsi .......................................................... [0 Target]
  o- loopback ....................................................... [0 Target]
  o- qla2xxx ........................................................ [0 Target]
/>

Alternatively, any LVM logical volume can be used as a backstore, please refer to the LIO Admin Manual on how to create them properly.

For instance, create an IBLOCK backstore on a logical volume (under /dev/<volume_group_name>/<logical_volume_name>):

/backstores> iblock/ create name=my_disk dev=/dev/vg0/lv1
Generating a wwn serial.
Created iblock storage object my_disk using /dev/vg0/lv1.
Entering new node /backstores/iblock/my_disk.
/backstores/iblock/my_disk>

Again, targetcli automatically creates a WWN serial ID for the backstore device and then changes the working context to it.

Instantiate a target

Instantiate a loopback target on the existing IBLOCK backstore device my_disk (as set up in targetcli):

/backstores/iblock/my_disk> /loopback create
Successfully created LUN 0.
Entering new node /loopback/naa.60014057f822d991/luns/lun0.
/loopback/naa...991/luns/lun0> 

targetcli automatically assigns the default ID '0' to the LUN, and then changes the working context to the new LUN. Now the target is created, and exports /dev/sdb as LUN 0.

Return to the root context, as no attributes need to be set or modified for a standard loopback target:

/loopback/naa...991/luns/lun0> cd /
/>

Display the object tree

The resulting object hierarchy looks as follows (displayed from the root object):

/> ls
o- / ..................................................................... [...]
  o- backstores .......................................................... [...]
  | o- fileio ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
  | o- iblock ............................................... [1 Storage Object]
  | | o- my_disk .......................................... [/dev/sdb activated]
  | o- pscsi ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
  | o- rd_dr ................................................ [0 Storage Object]
  | o- rd_mcp ............................................... [0 Storage Object]
  o- ib_srpt ........................................................ [0 Target]
  o- iscsi .......................................................... [0 Target]
  o- loopback ....................................................... [1 Target]
  | o- naa.60014057f822d991 ............................. [naa.60014053485b9490]
  | | o- luns .......................................................... [1 LUN]
  | |   o- lun0 .................................... [iblock/my_disk (/dev/sbd)]
  o- qla2xxx ........................................................ [0 Target]
/>

Persist the configuration

Use saveconfig from the root context to persist the LIO configuration across OS reboots:

/> saveconfig
WARNING: Saving rtsnode1 current configuration to disk will overwrite your boot settings.
The current target configuration will become the default boot config.
Are you sure? Type 'yes': yes
Making backup of srpt/ConfigFS with timestamp: 2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/srpt_start.sh
Making backup of qla2xxx/ConfigFS with timestamp: 2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/qla2xxx_start.sh
Making backup of loopback/ConfigFS with timestamp: 2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/loopback_start.sh
Making backup of LIO-Target/ConfigFS with timestamp: 2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/lio_backup-2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264.sh
Making backup of Target_Core_Mod/ConfigFS with timestamp: 2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/tcm_backup-2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264.sh
Generated Target_Core_Mod config: /etc/target/backup/tcm_backup-2012-02-27_23:19:37.660264.sh
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/lio_start.sh
Successfully updated default config /etc/target/tcm_start.sh
/>

Spec file

Datera spec files define the fabric-dependent feature set, capabilities and available target ports of the specific underlying fabric. In particular, the tcm_loop spec file /var/target/fabric/loopback.spec is included via RTSlib.

# WARNING: This is a draft specfile supplied for demo purposes only.

# The loopback fabric module uses the default feature set
features = nexus

# Use naa WWNs
wwn_type = naa

# Non-standard module naming scheme
kernel_module = tcm_loop

# The configfs group
configfs_group = loopback

Specifications

The type of SCSI fabric features that are available with tcm_loop (target mode emulated SAS ports) includes the complete set of SPC-3/SPC-4 logic in the LIO engine, including advanced features such as PRs, ALUA, VAAI, etc.

tcm_loop supports high level fabric emulation. That is, depending on which WWN is used to create the ConfigFS group in /sys/kernel/config/target/loopback/$WWN, it configures itself to return iSCSI, FC etc. device identifiers for the SCSI LUN protocol identifiers device identifier page.

See also

Notes

  1. Linus Torvalds (2011-05-18). "Linux 2.6.39". lkml.org. 

External links

Timeline of the LinuxIO
Release Details 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015
123456789101112 123456789101112 123456789101112 123456789101112 123456789101112
4.x Version 4.0 4.1
Feature LIO Core Loop back FCoE iSCSI Perf SRP
CM WQ FC
USB
1394
vHost Perf Misc 16 GFC iSER Misc VAAI Misc DIF Core
NPIV
DIF iSER DIF FC vhost TCMU Xen Misc Misc virtio 1.0 Misc NVMe OF
Linux 2.6.38 2.6.39 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22
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